Oranda Goldfish
  Origin - China Difficulty - Intermediate
  Availability - Common Adult Size - 8 to 10 inches
  Price - Moderate Scales - Metallic



  Show Orandas - Three high quality adult Orandas.

  Oranda School - Several medium Orandas in a 75 galoon aquarium.

  Redcap Orandas - A tank full of dozens of Redcaps.

  Tigerhead Oranda - A good example of the Tigerhead variant.


History and Origin of the Oranda

Redcap Orandas are very popular in the US and widely available

Probably the most well known of the exotic goldfish, Orandas are very common in both America and the far east. They first appeared in the 1500s, and were likely the first goldfish breed to develop wen (headgrowth). Orandas normally top out at around 8 to 10 inches, though there is one recorded Oranda in china (named after Bruce Lee) that has been measured at 15 inches.

Special Care for the Oranda

A calico Oranda

Orandas are not especially delicate, but are not as hardy as Common goldfish. They are not really suitable for ponds and should be kept in heated aquariums.

Ideal Characteristics for the Oranda

This so-called "blue" Oranda is actually a type of gray

Ideal Orandas should have compact egg-shapped bodies. The body depth should be equal to 2/3 the body length, and the body should be wide.

All orandas have Wen. They should have a well developed hood covering all of their head. The only exception to this are Redcap Orandas, which have growth only on the top of their heads. But breeding standards for normal Orandas call for a full hood.

All Orandas have Dorsal fins. All other fins should be paired, and the Caudal fin should be fully divided. Orandas come in all major fin types, but the most common seems to be the fringetail or ribbontail (Fantail finnage is frowned upon). The fins should conform to whatever the standard is for the fin type the Oranda has. As with most other breeds, color saturation of the fins is desirable.

The demand for Orandas with well developed wen has lead to the breeding of some specimens with outrageously large headgrowth. It should be well developed, but not overdeveloped. The fish should be able to see, and the wen should not be so large as to cover its eyes and it should be able to breathe.

Orandas come in all combination of color and scale types.

Known Variants of the Oranda

An example of the Tigerhead variant

Tigerheads are normal Orandas with heavier growth on the lower part of their face...they basically look like Lionheads with dorsal fins. Tigerheads first appeared around the late 1800s. These are relatively rare in America.

Redcap Orandas are not just white Orandas with Tancho coloration; they have headgrowth predominantly on the top of the head, with little or no Wen elsewhere. "Redcap" orandas with full hoods are simply Tancho colored Orandas. They should be completely white except red colored wen on top of their heads (the more circular the pattern, the better). Combined with their wen, it gives the appearance of an exposed brain. Redcap orandas are very popular in America, and high quality specimens are available even in chain stores.

Pom Pom Orandas (also called "hana Fusa") are normal Orandas that also have nasal bouquets like a Pom Pom goldfish. They otherwise conform to Oranda standards.

Dragon Eyes are telescope versions of Orandas. They conform to the same standards as Orandas but have telescope eyes.

Goosehead Orandas are like regular Orandas but the wen is very tall (growing directly away from the skull...it does not grow outward over the skull)

Azuma Nishiki are basically the Japanese name for a calico Oranda.

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