Celestial Goldfish
  Origin - China Difficulty - Advanced
  Availability - Very UnCommon Adult Size - 5 to 7 inches
  Price - Moderate Scales - Metallic or Nacreous



  Michael the Celestial - A good looking red celestial.

  Show Quality Celestials - Good examples of show quality fish.

  More Show Quality Celestials - Another good show quality fish.

  Community Tank - A large tank with a few Celestials.

  One Last Show Quality Celestial - A video of the specimen shown in the main text.

  Zen Pond - An indoor basin set up like a pond with several goldfish, including a Google Eye Celestial.

  Feeding Time - Footage of several goldfish eating raq fruit, including a Celestial.


History and Origin of Celestials

A juvenile Celestial - you could expect to find one like this in a local pet store

Also known as "Stargazers", "Chotengan" and "Demeranchu", these are telescoping fish with eyes that turn upwards, so that they are always looking at the sky even though they swim forward. Celestials were first bred in the late 1700s in China (some people claim they are actually a Korean breed).

As fry they start out looking like other juvenile dorsalless goldfish. As they get older, their eyes telecope out and turn upward. Because they are so much more delecate, Celestials do not grow as large as other breeds of goldfish, and do not tend to live as long.

Special Care for Celestials

These are probably the most delecate breed of all the exotic goldfish. Celestials cannot see well at all (their eyes cannot rotate, and are both pointing upward at a 90 degree angle to where they are swimming at any given time), and so cannot compete for food with anything other than Bubble Eyes or other Celestials. In addition, they have the same vulnerability to sharp objects that telescopes and Bubble Eyes have. It is actually a little worse, since they cannot see what is directly in front of them. Because they can only see above, Celestials tend to linger at the bottom of the aquarium. For obvious reasons, you should not have strong overhead lighting in a Celestial aquarium. If you do, at least make sure there are areas of cover for them.

It has taken a lot of inbreeding to produce Celestials, so they are not as hardy as other breeds. They should be kept in warmer environments, 55 degrees fahrenheit or higher. They can be kept in carefully maintained ponds, so long as they are heated and devoid of sharp objects.

Ideal Characteristics for Celestials

A good example of a show quality Celestial - note the dense opaque color on the outer surface of the eyes

The body should be an elongated egg shape, with a depth equal to 1/2 to 1/3 the length of the body. A short body is preferred. The back should be a smooth arch with no bumps or spikes.

The eyes should be level with each other, uniform size and shape, pointing straight up from the surface of the head (and not forward or at each other). Bigger eyes are preferred.

Celestials should have no dorsal fin. Their caudal fins should be similar to a fringetail, divided and 1/2 the length of the body or more (up to the full length of the body).

There are no ideal colors. Most are orange or mottled orange and white, with the occasional white, red, black or Calico. As with other fancy goldfish, saturation in the fins is desirable. While they can have any scale type, metallic is most common. Color saturation of the fins is desired, and in Celestials colored eye sockets are also very desired (they are transparent/silver by default).

Known Variants of Celestials

Google Eyes are a variant where the eyes are so upturned that they seem to face each other. Many people do not consider these a valid variant, but merely subpar Celestials.

There are Celestials that have dorsal fins and many also have nasal bouquets like Pom Poms. But these are merely sport varieties...not recognized variants.




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